On the Indian Ocean, 1500 kilometers southwest from the southern end of India, there is a fishhook-shaped Atoll island, 25 kilometers long and 5 kilometers wide, called Diego Garcia Island. The island is not known, but it can always make a difference.
The recent events involved a dispute over sovereignty.
Diego Garcia belongs to the British Chagos Islands. At the end of February, the United Nations International Court of Justice ruled that Britain's jurisdiction over the islands was illegal and that Mauritius must be returned as soon as possible.
Diego Garcia has been leased by the U.S. Army since 1966. The U.S. Army has built the island into a closed military base, which is known as "one of the most important and mysterious overseas assets of the United States".
So the dispute over the sovereignty of the Chagos Islands has plunged the U.S. military base in Diego Garcia into a quandary.
How mysterious is Diego Garcia?
One. The "Nails" of the US Army in the Middle East and South Asia
The name Diego Garcia comes from the Portuguese Diego Garcia. In the early 16th century, a group of adventurers, such as Da Gama, discovered many islands in Mauritius at different times, but they were not interested.
Later, the islands of Mauritius were ruled by the Dutch and the French, and fell into the hands of the British in the early 19th century.
Mauritius's independence was inevitable by 1965. Britain divided the Chagos Islands and established the British Indian Ocean Territory on the grounds of security.
The division of the Chagos Islands has been given to the US military from the very beginning for the purpose of establishing military bases. The U.S. military chose Diego Garcia, one of the islands. The British expelled the inhabitants of the island for eight years, from 1965 to 1973. This was a disgraceful scene.
The U.S. Army has been "building" for 20 years, and the island of Diego Garcia has been able to dock aircraft carriers. The first one docked was the carrier Saratoga.
At that time, during the Cold War, the island of Digogacia was extremely mysterious. The families of the U.S. troops on the island were not allowed to join the army, and the civilians and tourists were even more difficult to see.
It was not until the first Gulf War in 1991 that the U.S. military base on Diego Garcia emerged as an air port for B-52 bombers to attack.
During the Afghan War, the pre-World War II supply fleet, dominated by large Hawk cargo ships, also used the island as its home port to supply the carrier group Enterprise on the Arabian Sea.
After the cold war, the two most important wars of the US military were fought by the base of Diego Garcia. It can be said that the island is the "nail" inserted by the US Army in the Middle East and South Asia.
Two. It was thought to have been the site of the MH370 accident at MAX Airlines.
In fact, the US military base on Diego Garcia has been in the public eye more than once.
After the MH370 accident, some netizens speculated that the wreckage might have landed on the island of Diego Garcia. After all, the Indian Ocean was a key area for national search and rescue teams.
The most mysterious part of this vast area is, of course, the U.S. military base on Diego Garcia, where search and rescue teams can't get in. It is reasonable to speculate that the wreckage could not be found, perhaps because the wreckage was in the base.
As for why MH370 should fly in that direction, whether it can fly so far or not, we don't think about it at first.
Three. The judgment of the International Court of Justice is difficult to enter into force
The Trump administration would not have caught a cold, probably would have ignored the ruling of the International Court of Justice, and Britain would not have accepted it.
In 2015, the International Court of Arbitration in The Hague, the Netherlands ruled that the establishment of a protected area in the Chagos Islands by the United Kingdom was contrary to international law. The so-called reserve is a special order of the Privy Council in Britain, whose main purpose is to forbid the Chagos to return home forever.
Britain failed to enforce the ruling of the International Court of Arbitration in The Hague. Earlier in 2000, the British High Court said that it had ruled that it was illegal for Britain to expel local residents and to allow Chagos Islanders to travel freely to and from the islands. The British government did not take it seriously and made Diego Garcia an an exceptional forbidden place.
The sovereignty dispute could have ended, but it will continue in the visible future because the judgment is useless.
The U.S. military can also continue to use Diego Garcia as a strategic hub in the Indian Ocean, and may even bring in the Japanese Self-Defense Forces: the greatest excuse for the Self-Defense Forces to break through constitutional constraints is to fulfil so-called international obligations as U.S. military logistics.
Diego Garcia will continue to wear the same mysterious veil as it does now. Although the situation is difficult to change, after all, a judgment document has been left, which records the behavior of individual so-called "model students" of the international community.